RIMACT Facility Building

Treatment of BMW at RIMACT site will be done as per the schedule 1&2 of Rule 5 of Biomedical Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 1998 and subsequent amendments thereof taken along with CPCB guidelines.To ensure the efficacy of the treatment, the project will aim at achieving 100% segregation of waste at source i.e. at the HCEs and other medical and research establishments.

Incineration for Treating infectious wastes

Controlled burning of wastes at high temperatures is called incineration and in RIMACT this is carried out in a double-chambered incinerator of 50kg/hour capacity with fully equipped pollution control devices in accordance with the latest guidelines issued by the CPCB. Waste is burnt in the primary chamber at 800-850 0 C and volatile gases emitted are again burnt in secondary chamber at 1050-1100 0 C (residence time of 2 seconds )

Treatement in the Autoclave

Steam is applied inside a double - walled jacket under pressure to attain the required temperature of 1210C or 1350C and maintain the same for the specified time for assuring 4 to 6 log sterilization. Waste to be sterilized, collected in different categories and colour coded containers, is fed into the chamber where it gets mixed, dehydrated, sterilized and mutilated.

Shredder of the Autoclave Unit

Disinfected waste is manually fed into the shredder, which mechanically mutilates the sterilized items of different categories into small unrecognizable pieces while being washed with hot water from the solar water heater to ensure shredding, Cleaning to prevent re-infection and preventing particulate matter pollution. The sterilized, cleaned and shredded waste is then stored before being sold for recycling.

RIMACT FACILITY, RAICHUR

The Common Biomedical Waste Treatment Facility at Raichur is called RIMACT FACILITY, Common bio-medical waste treatment facility is a set up where bio-medical waste, generated from a number of health units is imparted necessary treatment to reduce adverse effect that this waste may pose, the treated waste finally be send for disposal in a landfill of for recycling process .

  • Aim of RIMACT facility to cater all Healthcare Establishments (HCEs) of Raichur city and will extend its services to other HCEs in the district and neighboring districts as well.
  • The facility at presents designed to treats over 1000kgs of biomedical waste per day from about 260 HCEs having over 3000 beds and also from 200 non- bedded establishments.
  • Aim to create awareness among the general public regarding Bio-Medical Waste (BMW), its hazards and methods of mitigation.
  • To train healthcare workers regarding methodology of proper Bio-medical waste Management (BMWM) in their Health Care Establishments (HCEs)
  • To set up a completely operational, model, common facility for Bio- Medical Waste Collection , Transportation, Treatment and Disposal facility in Raichur.
  • To run the Common Healthcare waste Management Facility (RIMACT) so created, in an environmentally sustainable and economically viable manner.
  • To prepare Educational materials regarding Bio-Medical Waste Management and disseminate them through training programmes, workshops and the media to other common facilities entrepreneurs.
  • The facility aims at collection, transportation, storage, treatment and disposal of biomedical waste from about 5000 beds in the northern districts of Karnataka.

Goals of RIMACT facility

  1. Waste minimization
  2. Segregation at Source
  3. Collection
  4. Storage
  5. Transportation
  6. Treatment
  7. Disposal of biomedical waste in an eco-friendly and technologically sound way
  8. Training of the staff involved in BMWM
  9. Creation of public awareness
  10. Economically viable management of the RIMACT - Facility

Administrative set-up

3 different committees are form for RIMACT administration:

  1. District Co-ordination Committee: headed by Deputy Commissioner Other members are KPCB, CMC, HWFW, and index
  2. Bio medical waste management Committee( index Base ): Chairman, secretary and 15 index members (Governing body)
  3. RIMACT Facility committee: (Executive body).President index, Secretary, Chairman BMWMC, Secretary BMWM and Operator

The RIMACT facility has

  1. One specially fabricated vehicles for the transportation of biomedical waste from the HCEs to the facility.
  2. On site cold storage facility for storing the bio-medical waste in a safe manner before treatment.
  3. Treatment facilities like the Incinerator, Autoclaves, a Metal Sharps Manager Shredder and an ETP for treatment of waste water generated at the facility.
  4. Secured landfill, deep burial pits and composting pits for disposal of the waste after treatment
  5. Eco friendly techniques like using wax coated paper bags for collection and treatment of soiled waste to facilitate its sterilization and composting
  6. Plantation at the site.
  7. Cleaned and shredded waste for supplementing the system.

Treatment of BMW at the RIMACT site

Treatment of BMW at RIMACT site will be done as per the schedule 1&2 of Rule 5 of Biomedical Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 1998 and subsequent amendments thereof taken along with CPCB guidelines.To ensure the efficacy of the treatment, the project will aim at achieving 100% segregation of waste at source i.e. at the HCEs and other medical and research establishments.

Sources: Indian Medical Association Raichur BMWM Desk

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